- Breed Standard -
The Russkaya Psovaya Borzaya(the Borzoi) has been an integral part of the national culture and Russian history for 9 centuries. The French Chronicle of the XIth century shows that three Borzois accompanied the daughter of the Grand Duke of Kiev, Anna Iaroslavna when she arrived in France to become the wife of Henri I. Among the owners and breeders there were many famous people including Tsars and poets : Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, Nicolas II, Pushkin, Turgenev. The creation of the famous kennel « Pershinskaya okhota » by the illustrious breeders the Grand Duke Nicolai Nicolaevitch and Dimitri Valtsev had great importance. From the end of the XIXth century, the Borzoi is seen in the biggest breeding kennels of Europe and America.
Does this breed suit your lifestyle?
The Borzoi is a large dog, but being elegant and dignified in their behavior, they seem to take up less space in the house then other dogs their size. These dogs have a strong prey drive, and are known to run off to chase smaller animals, if given the opportunity. They need to have a good run, off leash on a regular basis. Having a fenced in field or other fenced in area, is a great way to let them stretch their legs to the fullest. They have a long coat, but it's not too demanding in the way of grooming. A quick brush a day, and a bath every now and then. Mostly seasonal shedding. The Borzoi is very independent, and does not always want to train when you do, but they are very intelligent, so with good motivation, they can work hard and well for their human.
ORIGIN : Russia.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD : 04.09.2019.
UTILIZATION : Hunting sighthound, racing and coursing hound. Borzoi is a hunting sighthound to be used mostly for chasing hare and fox, less for wolf hunting. Combines high agility with endurance and the ability to tackle a game deftly at once. Successfully used for coursing and racing.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 10 Sighthounds. Section 1 Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds. Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Dog of aristocratic appearance, tall, lean and strong, harmoniously built, rather high-legged, fairly narrow in body. Slightly elongated format. Females are longer than males. Skin is thin, elastic, without folds. Muscles lean, elongated, very well developed. Bone structure is strong but not massive.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
• In males the height at the withers is equal or 1–2 cm more than the height at the point of sacrum.
• In females these two heights are equal.
• The length of the body somewhat exceeds the height at the withers. 4 FCI-St. N° 193/ 05.11.2019
• The depth of the chest is equal to almost half of the height at the withers.
• The height at elbows is slightly superior to half of the height at the withers.
• The length of the muzzle, from the tip of the nose to the stop, is slightly superior to that of the skull, from the stop to the occipital bone.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Temperament is calm; visual response is well evident. Typical gaits: before the game to be found – slow trot and even walk; in chasing the game – full gallop. The attitude towards people is neutral to friendly.
HEAD : Aristocratic, narrow, long, in proportion to the general appearance; the head is so lean that the principal veins are shown through the skin. Viewed from the side the top lines of the head form a long, slightly convex line. Superciliary arches and zygomatic arches are not pronounced.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Seen from above, narrow, elongated, oval-shaped. Seen in profile, almost flat. Occiput is well pronounced.
Stop : Hardly visible.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Large, always black in any coat colour, considerably prominent in relation to the lower jaw.
Muzzle : Long, lean, well filled out in all its length, straight or slightly downfaced, slightly arched near the nose. The length of the muzzle, from the tip of the nose to the stop, is slightly superior to that of the skull, from the stop to the occiput.
Lips : Tight, well fitting, fine, with black edging whatever the coat colour.
Jaws/Teeth : Teeth white, strong, incisors are closely spaced; canines are not too wide apart. Scissor bite. Level bite is permitted but not desirable. Complete dental formula. The absence of 3rd molars (M3) and one or two P1 is acceptable.
Eyes : Large, almond-shaped, dark brown to brown; eyelids are with black edging, tight-fitting.
Ears : Small, thin, mobile, pointed-tipped, covered with short hair. Set on above the eye level, set closely and backwards, pointing towards the nape of the neck. The tips of the ears are placed near each other, directed downwards along the neck and close to it. When the dog is alert, the ears are carried higher on the cartilages; their tips are directed sideward or forward. Sometimes one or both ears are erect like horse ears.
NECK : Long, dry, muscled, slightly arched, oval-shaped (slightly flattened laterally), of medium set.
Topline: Is a smooth arch.
Withers: Not marked.
Back: Broad, muscled, supple, flexible.
Loin: Rather long, arched, muscled, broad. Together with the back forms the smooth arch, which is more pronounced in males, than in females. The highest point of this arch is in its middle, that is the region of the 1st or 2nd lumbar vertebrae.
Croup: Long, broad, moderately sloping. The width of the croup measured between the two iliac tubers must not be less than 8 cm.
Chest: Oval in cross-section, deep, not narrow, yet not wider than the croup, let down almost up to the elbow-joints. Viewed from the side the forechest is somewhat prominent and places almost at humeroscapula level. In shoulder blades region the chest is rather flat, but towards the false ribs gets gradually wider. Definitely shortened false ribs.
Underline and belly: Abruptly tucked up towards the flanks.
TAIL : Sickle- or sabre-shaped, thin, long, with dense and abundant feather. Passed between the hind legs and flanks, it must reach up to the iliac tuber. When the dog is standing naturally, the tail hangs downwards. In movement it is raised, but not above the back level.
General appearance: Forelegs lean, muscled, seen from the front perfectly straight and parallel. Shoulder muscles are well developed. The height at elbows slightly superior to half of the height at the withers.
Shoulder: Shoulder blades are long and oblique.
Upper arm: Long, moderately oblique. Angle of the scapular-humeral articulation is well pronounced.
Elbow: In parallel planes to the median plane of the body or slightly turned out (“in field”).
Forearm: Long, clean, of oval cross-section; seen from the front, narrow; seen from the side, broad; points of elbows strongly developed. Metacarpus (pasterns): Rather long, slightly oblique.
Forefeet: Lean, narrow, of elongated oval shape (called “harefeet”); toes long, arched, tight; nails long, strong, touching the ground.
General appearance: Lean, bony, muscled; well angulated. Seen from behind, straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the forequarters. When the dog stands naturally placed slightly behind. The vertical line dropping from the point of buttock (sciatic tuber) must run along the front edge of the hock and rear pastern (metatarsus). All the articulations are well angulated. The hindquarter muscles are very well developed especially on upper thighs.
Thigh: Long, of approximately equal length. Lower thigh: Long, of approximately equal length. Hock joint: Wide, dry, with well-developed heel bone (calcaneum). Metatarsus (rear pasterns): short, placed vertically, straight. 7 FCI-St. N° 193/ 05.11.2019
Hind Feet: Lean, narrow, of elongated oval shape (called “hare feet”); toes long, arched, tight; nails long, strong, touching the ground.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : In everyday life the typical gait is the extended, free, easy trot. When hunting the gait is full rushing gallop.
SKIN : Thin, elastic, tight fitting (with no wrinkles).
COAT HAIR :
Hair: Long, supple, silky, light, wavy or forming large curls. Small curls are permitted. The hair of different length on different parts of body: on the head, the ears and the interior side of the limbs the hair is very short, close lying; on the back and the neck the hair is longer and often wavy; on the outer side of thighs and the sides is shorter and may form finer curls. The feathering is rather long and shining. The feather is located on the neck (forming a “muff”), on the lower side of the chest and belly, on the back side of the forelegs antd thighs. The feather is from below the tail; at the tail root the curls are usual.
Colour: White; pale of different shadings (red-fawn, grey-fawn, silverfawn: pale with light-grey shading); light red or light gray at the root of the hair with darker red or grey main colour; red with black overlay hair often combined with dark muzzle (sable); grey (from ashy to yellowish-grey); brindle: pale, or red, or grey main colour with dark stripes, like stria on marble; red; black; transitional colours between red or black. All the colours may be solid, pied and with tans. Typically, any colour tends to lighten up downwards. Any colours from white to black in any combination are acceptable, except of brown, blue, isabella (lilac) and their shadings, i.e. dilute colours with not black nose.
COLOUR : All colour combinations, but never with blue, brown (chocolate) and any derivatives of these colours. All the colours may be solid or pied. The fringes, « breeches », featherings of the tail are considerably lighter than the ground colour. For the overlaid colours a black mask is typical.
Desirable height at the withers :
dogs : 75 - 85 cm
bitches : 68 - 78 cm.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Over- or undersize by 2 cm against indicated in the Standard.
• The length of the body more than 10% or less than 5% superior to the height at the withers.
• Eyes not big enough; deep set; round in shape; light (all shades of hazelnut).
• Teeth small; diastemas between teeth; absence of one or two PM2. Absence of one or more incisor(s) due to injure, if the bite is clearly evaluated.
• Topline is not smooth enough. Pronounced withers. Arch not symmetrical. The highest point of the topline evidently shifted towards the croup.
• Belly insufficiently tucked up; paunchy, pendulous.
• Tail a bit short, too high in carriage, with lateral deviation, with curled end.
• Abundant flecks on the body of the same shade as the base colour.
• Too straight, furry, dull, tousled coat; fringes and featherings poorly developed; lacking in feathering. Equal length of the coat all over the body; coat too harsh in shedding.
SEVERE FAULTS :
•Head coarse with loose, thick skin; pendulous lips. Seen from the profile, blunt muzzle due to the nose not prominent enough. Very pronounced stop.
• Bleached (not dark enough) colour of nose, eyelids or lips in all colours. Partly depigmented (pink) nose, lips, eyelids (without signs of injuries).
• Eyes small; yellow; weak-sighted; with third eyelid too much developed.
• Absence of any teeth not mentioned under “Faults”. 9 FCI-St. N° 193/ 05.11.2019
• Ears low set; not placed closely directed downwards along the nape of the neck; set wide apart; too big; thick, heavy, coarse with tough cartilage; with rounded tips.
• The length of the body is the length of the body more than 12% or less than 3% superior to the height at the withers. Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm.
• Neck set high or low, round in cross-section.
• Sloping topline from well pronounced withers towards the root of the tail; pronounced roached back, straight back in males.
• Loin narrow, short, too long (the length of the loin is comparable to the length of the back), straight.
• Belly not tucked up.
• Fore arms massive, with bones round in cross-sections.
• Fleshy feet rounded or flat, splayed toes.
• Tail short, thick, with no feathering.
• Vivid flecks on the body of different colour than main colour; colour on the body not lighted up downwards.
• Abundant coat on entire body, excessive undercoat, rough, hard, bristle coat not in shedding, lack of featherings.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities.
• Colour: brown (including cocoa, coffee, chocolate); blue, isabella (lilac), dilute colours with the tip of the nose other than black in colour.
• Completely depigmented (pink) nose, eyelids, lips.
• Eyes: of all shades of grey, green, blue; eyes of different colours.
• Teeth: overshot or undershot; wry mouth. Uncomplete incisors if densely spaced; missing at least one canine, if not broken. Lack of correct interlock of upper and lower canines. Jaws nonlocking.
• Legs: knuckling over. Presence of dewclaws.
• Tail: corkscrew, broken (fused vertebrae); docked, even partially.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.